مشكلة السكن العشوائي في مدينة الرفاعي للعام 2018
The area invested by residential use varies from one city to another according to its population size, as the city of whatever size must contain areas for housing as a necessity of stability and that the city is only a form of housing and in general, the proportion of residential use is increasing in small cities and less in Large cities In the American cities with a population of more than 100,000 people, residential use of all types represents 41% of its global area. The percentage becomes larger in small cities. In Arab cities, the percentage of residential use increases due to the adoption of the horizontal pattern in residential construction. That Residential job growth and increasing the size of the area occupied by a natural response to the development of urban land uses, the residential function appears to be the fastest growing and evolving jobs, but at the same time give up some of the areas occupied by other functions because of their inability to compete and thus be the most flexible and mobile uses and mobility response For cultural influences.
As a result of the development in societies and the level of economic and social progress as well as the deterioration of economic conditions helped significantly to increase the extent of housing use and this is represented in human conditions as well as the contribution of natural conditions in the impact as climate changes and lack of rainfall affected agricultural areas and became Dry lands are difficult to cultivate, as well as the inability to establish farmers in these areas, thus moving them to the city and because of their fear of the city and the surprises they carry them will lead them to live on the outskirts of the city and thus emerged phenomenon C Born of the city phenomenon of random housing.
The phenomenon was not born out of the moment, but old. The United Nations General Assembly stated that the phenomenon of informal housing began to emerge in the nineteenth and twentieth century and in the middle of the twentieth century as developing countries witnessed rapid urbanization of the rural poor and led to the lack of policies related to urban areas and housing, which led to this category New urban residents to find
self-built informal settlements and characterized by fragile areas and the lack of services for the inhabitants of these areas, as well as overtaking the green areas leading to economic and social damage to the environment difficult to overcome